Florence Mussat, M.D.
680 N Lake Shore Dr. #1030 Chicago, IL 60611 (312) 751-9000

Category: facelift

New & Improved: Facelifts Through the Years

It may be hard to believe, but modern facelift surgery has been around for over 100 years. Here, we’d like to explain the history of the facelift and explain the new, amazing innovations practiced by modern experts like Dr. Florence Mussat.

Read on to learn about the gradual development of the facelift, or schedule your facelift consultation today!

The Facelift and Plastic Surgery Are Born

The earliest recorded facelift was performed by Eugene von Hollander on a Polish aristocrat in 1901. For this procedure, he is reported to have used elliptical skin excisions in natural skin folds adjacent to the hairline and ears to provide the lift she was seeking.

A few years later, the brutality of the First World War lead to innovations and improvement of facial restoration procedures. As the demand for reconstructive techniques rose, along with American economic wealth, increasing numbers of patients sought facelift surgery. Advances in anesthesia and surgical techniques became more widely used in this time and would continue to expand.

The More Natural Look of the 1920s

By the late 1920s, facelift surgery had progressed past the reconstruction methods developed during WWI. By changing the incision and lifting the skin off of the underlying fat layer, excess skin could be removed.

Understanding Deeper Dissection in the 1960s

In the 1960s, surgeons began to better understand the importance of dissecting deeper facial layers. It was this discovery that led to our modern knowledge of facelift techniques.

Another facelift milestone was reached in 1968. Swedish cosmetic surgeon, Dr. Tord Skoog, changed the world of plastic surgery with a technique to manipulate the platysmal muscle of the neck and lower face without detaching the overlying skin.

SMAS Becomes the New Trend in 1976

It was not until 1976 that Dr. V. Mitz and Dr. M. Peyronie described the Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System, now known as SMAS. SMAS lifting techniques include pulling muscles and connective tissue over the bones of the face. This knowledge allows surgeons to use more than just the skin’s tension to restore the youthful lines of the patient’s face.

By the 1980s, SMAS became the standard approach to the facelift for several decades.

Deep Plane Rhytidectomy in the Late 1980s

The major weakness of the SMAS techniques is the ability to effectively rejuvenate the midface and malar fat pad, and this lead to the development of “deep plane rhytidectomy,” which elevates the midfacial soft tissues.

Minimally Invasive Techniques of Today

Shortly after the popularization of deep plane rhytidectomy techniques in the late 80s and early 90s, more minimally invasive techniques gradually gained popularity. Modern facelifts are completed in less time, have decreased risks, require less downtime, and can be performed under local anesthesia in the surgeon’s office.

When appropriate, modern-day, highly-skilled surgeons still address the SMAS during facelift procedures. However, alternative techniques such as autologous fat transfer or dermal fillers are now available as well.

Even less-invasive non-surgical skin-tightening techniques, such as InstaLift, have been developed in recent years. Each of these targets collagenous tissue, such as the papillary and reticular dermis, and offer viable alternatives to patients unwilling to undergo surgery.

Your Facelift Consultation with Dr. Mussat

Board-Certified Plastic and Reconstructive surgeon, Dr. Florence Mussat, has the broad expertise to give you a full facial rejuvenation through a customized facelift, erasing years from your appearance!

Please contact us today to schedule a consultation at our Chicago, IL, office, or give us a call at (312) 751-9000.

Spring into Spring with a Facelift

Spring is a time of rejuvenation. Flowers are blooming and trees are coming back to life. Don’t let Mother Nature have all the fun this year. Come see Dr. Mussat for your facelift consultation and spring into spring with a whole new look. Look younger and feel better!

Am I a Good Candidate for a Facelift?

If you’re thinking about a facelift, come see us. A consultation with Dr. Mussat, a talented facial rejuvenation surgeon, can help you determine if surgery is right for you. You may be a good candidate for a facelift if you have:
• Sagging throughout the middle of the face
• Creases beneath the lower eyes
• Creases extending from the nose to the outer corners of the mouth
• Loss of facial volume
• Shifting fat deposits
• Jowls
• Loose skin under the chin and/or on the neck
There is no set age for a facelift, but typically patients are in their 40s, 40s, or 60s. If you have significant facial aging and are in good health, you’re likely a good candidate.

What Happens During a Facelift?

Your facelift surgery will be customized to you and designed to target your problem areas. Your facial anatomy and skin health, along with the extent of your facial aging will determine what approach Dr. Mussat will use for your surgery. We’ll discuss the specifics of your surgical plan during your consultation.
All facelift surgeries are performed using general anesthesia in our surgical center. Incisions are made, typically within the hairline. Dr. Mussat tightens and repositions facial muscles, holding them in place with permanent, internal sutures. Excess facial skin is removed and the skin is pulled taut. The incisions are closed and the recovery process begins. Dr. Mussat performs the SMAS facelift (traditional facelift), the deep plane facelift, and the mini-facelift.

What Results Can I Expect from My Facelift?

A facelift can really turn back the clock on your appearance Many patients report looking 5-10 years younger after surgery. These results will last and last. Although you’ll continue to age, you’ll generally look younger than you would have without your facelift, even decades later. It’s like a reset for your appearance.

I’m Interested in a Facelift. What’s the Next Step?

Get into the springtime spirit of rejuvenation with a facelift. If you’re ready to take the next step and learn more, give us a call and schedule your consultation.

Mini vs Full Facelift Surgery: What Is the Difference?

Although aging is a natural part of the body, looking old is optional thanks to facelift procedures. A popular facial restorative procedure provides long-lasting results to anyone who looks older than what they feel. Since no amount of exercise or diet can reverse the signs of aging in the face, a facelift is indeed a great option.

A common question that Dr. Mussat’s patients ask is what’s the difference between a mini facelift and a full facelift. Both procedures can address the signs of aging in the face, jowls, and neck. However, they are different in so many ways.

Mini Facelift vs. Full Facelift

Both procedures offer similar results, such as tightened skin in the neck and jowls, and the elimination of excess skin. What set each other apart are the target area, procedure, technique, and length of recovery.

Mini facelift is ideal for individuals who would like to reduce minimal signs of aging. It reduces minor sagging in the neck, jawline, and cheeks only, and does not affect the wrinkles in the forehead and lines around the eyes.
Full facelifts, on the other hand, eliminate loose skin and folds in the neck and cheeks. It also tightens facial skin, which includes wrinkled skin around the eyes.

As for the procedure, the full facelift will require several hours under general anesthesia, whereas a mini takes about 40 to 90 minutes total under local sedation. For a full facelift, Dr. Mussat will make an incision near the hairline or temples that will continue around the ear to separate the skin from the deeper tissues. In a mini facelift, Dr. Mussat will make an “S” shaped incision near the ear and will use surgical instruments to pull loose skin in the lower face and remove excess fat.

Recovery usually takes one week for a mini facelift, in which the doctor will require patients to wear bandages for at least 48 hours and will remove the sutures within one week. The recovery time for a full facelift is typically two weeks, but numbness may disappear within a few months. It takes two weeks for full facelift patients to resume social activities.

One advantage to a full facelift is it provides permanent results. As a mini facelift is only a minor surgery, the results usually last five to 10 years.

Which is the Best for You?

If you have moderate to severe facial signs of aging, the ideal procedure for you is the full facelift. Otherwise, a mini facelift will satisfy your aesthetic needs for a long while. If you’re still unsure, then an in-depth consultation will best determine whether you need a mini or a full facelift.
Dr. Mussat is experienced in performing both procedures, so schedule a consultation with her to talk about your aesthetic concerns in the face.


Am I Ready for a Facelift?

The facelift—to the common person it’s one of the most popular facial rejuvenation procedures for celebrities. But how much do you actually know about it? If you’re considering one, are you informed enough to decide if it’s right for you? The number one question you need to ask yourself before committing to a facelift is, am I ready for a facelift? Let’s make sure you are.

Who’s the Perfect Candidate?

One of the most important things to consider before getting a facelift is if it’s the right procedure for you. Perfect candidates for the facelift are people who are close to their ideal weight but have prominent jowls, sagging skin on the face and neck, nasolabial folds, and wrinkles. Their main target problems would be in the mid-face area and below. A good candidate would also have strong facial structures and great skin elasticity, while a poor candidate for a facelift would be a long-time smoker.


You need to be well stocked even before your surgery date; you’ll need a variety of supplies on hand at your place of recovery that’s easy to access. Imagine having to rush around in a panic trying to stock up when you’re supposed to be peacefully recovering from your facelift. Sounds stressful, right?

You’ll Need:

  • An incline pillow. After a facelift, you need to keep your head upright at all times to reduce swelling, even when you’re sleeping
  • A handheld mirror to check your bandages and sutures easily
  • Meals made in advance
  • Easy to digest food like Jello, oatmeal, protein shakes and yogurt
  • Gauze dressings and baby wipes
  • Frozen gel packs or peas
  • Shirts, sweaters, or jackets that open from the front (easier to put on)
  • Balms, ointments and creams for the incision

Some Other Things to Consider

You’ll need someone who can drive you home after the procedure, so enlist a responsible friend or family member to help you. If you regularly get your hair done, always do it before the procedure. It will be mighty uncomfortable to have a perm or hair coloring done while recovering from a facelift.

Finally, make sure your place of recovery is organized and calming. Make sure all your things, including appointments, bills, chores etc. are in order. Staying stress-free is also essential to having an easy recovery.

So there it is, a few things to think about before jumping into a facelift. We saved the best for last, however, since the most important thing to think about is getting an expert plastic surgeon. You can take care of that now by contacting the skilled, experienced Dr. Mussat and scheduling a consultation for the facelift.

Brow Lift Chicago

The forehead is an area that many people experience their first signs of aging in through that first crease, line or wrinkle. Some people, through genetic pre-disposition, have a heavy brow that hoods the eyes. A heavy brow can make a person look more severe, older and upset, even when they aren’t. Through a Brow Lift Chicago, Dr. Mussat has helped many men and women alike achieve a more youthful, relaxed and natural looking brow that better compliments and matches the face they wish to share with the world.

The Brow Lift Chicago is a cosmetic procedure that improves the appearance of the upper face. In a Brow Lift Chicago the eyebrows are lifted and wrinkles are smoothed out for a softer, fresher look. In some cases the Brow Lift Chicago may be performed in combination with other facial rejuvenation procedures such as an Eyelid Lift, Face Lift or Dermal Fillers. To learn more about your facial rejuvenation options and to find out if a Brow Lift Chicago may be right for you, contact our office to schedule your consultation with Dr. Mussat today.